Yahweh: A Volcano Fire God Of War?: Chapter 5

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 Chapter Index:

Chapter 1: Wisdom In The Question
Chapter 2: God Of The Moon Mountain
Chapter 3: Exodus & The Voice Of God
Chapter 4: The Deuteronomy
Chapter 5: Plagues Of Egypt And The Nile Delta
Chapter 6: The Psalms
Chapter 7: Fire, Torment, And Human Sacrifice

— Chapter 5 —
Plagues of Egypt And The Nile Delta

      Disease and pestilence are a very common occurrence, and are a major health risks after a volcanic eruption . The more powerful eruptions such as a super volcanic Eruption can cause a  volcanic winter in which can in turn devaste a region or an entire civilization Furthermore, in normally aired regions such as Egypt and the Sinai Peninsula a volcanic winter will often lead to cooler and wetter climates favorable to insects and the outbreak of disease. So it’s no surprise that one considering this hypothesis would find these sort of events in the bible. This is especially true when taking in consideration a region of the world that has had major volcanic events, and is known to be a very geologically active region of the world such as was Mesopotamia. Exodus outlines some of these impacts and phenomenon associated with volcanic activity as follows:

1. Exodus 8:16–19lice (Kinim)
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2. Exodus 8:20–30: flies (Arov)
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3. Exodus 9:1–7disease on livestock (Dever)
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4. Exodus 9:8–12: unhealable boils (Shkhin)
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5. Exodus 9:13–35: hail and thunder (Barad)
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6. Exodus 10:1–20: locusts (Arbeh)
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7. Exodus 10:21–29: darkness (Choshech)

     Most geologists and volcanologists would look at this as signs of a major volcanic event. This is very well supported here in the Journal of the Religious Education Association, and in the Fifth International Congress on Biblical Studies, Oxford, 1973 in concerning the plagues of Egypt and their connection to the eruption of Santorini:

1.
Religious Education: The official journal of the Religious Education Association “THE TEN PLAGUES OF EGYPT” Volume 71Issue 5, 1976
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2.
http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=12422877 Philological Hints at Traditional-Historic Relations between the Explosion of the Volcano Santorini (Thera) and the Tradition of the Egyptian Plagues in Fifth International Congress on Biblical Studies, Oxford, 1973.
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Abstract:
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Around 1500 BC. BC, a volcanic eruption destroyed the Cretan civilization on the island of Thera (Santorini). Survivors emigrated to Egypt and Canaan under Egyptian suzerainty. This significant event has left witnesses in Egyptian inscriptions of Medinet Habu, the Achaean legend Flood (Deucalion) that, Crete, Talos. The A. attempts to show that the catastrophe of Thera is also mentioned in the traditions of wounds in Egypt and the Exodus from philological observations.

     Now while disease and pestilence are linked to the Santorini eruption, other plagues and signs in the narrative of Exodus can equally be attributed to Santorini. Such for example the Nile Delta turning blood red, and others such as the killing off of fish and frogs in the Exodus Narrative :

Exodus 7:14–25:  water turned to blood killing all fish and other water life.”

We can see this is a fact of natural phenomenon in which is often associated with Volcanic activity :

http://scienceline.org/2006/09/env-thompson-lake/

     Not only are the plagues of Egypt explainable by the eruption of Thera, but so is the narrative of Nile Delta turning blood red. During eruptions it is not unusual to see surrounding waters to become iron rich,  and if iron rich water is exposed to mixing and oxygen, the iron would oxidize turning the water red in the Nile Delta. This happened in the volcanic Lake Nyos in Cameroon in 1986.. After the eruption had taken place,  the lake turned deep red as iron rich waters moved from a reducing environment to an oxidizing one. This similarly happens in the red sea due to the iron. And this includes possible algae blooms resulting from such volcanic events in the Nile Delta. Hence, iron rich waters from volcanic activity can also cause algae blooms:

http://www.klimacampus.de/631+M5d0a3437342.html?&L=1

This being connected with Iron Fertilization:

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012EGUGA..14.4482L
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_fertilization

And it’s important to note that iron fertilization helps with phytoplankton, and certain phytoplankton can cause red tides:

http://seagrant.gso.uri.edu/factsheets/redtide.html
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http://toxics.usgs.gov/highlights/phytoplankton.html
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http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/grl.50221/abstract?deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=false

     Such red tides are toxic and can kill fish and aquatic ecosystems. This could also explain the frogs as frogs have the advantage of leaving the toxic environment, and those that don’t survive die along the shores.  So you can only imagine the horror in the minds of primitive biblical Era civilizations who had witnessed and suffered a super volcanic eruption and the after effects. Especially since they had no scientific knowledge or understanding of these events.. After all, they still believed things like thunder were the voice of God. More frightening still are the ash shadows of loved ones, of women and children baked into the etch of time from the Eruption of Pompeii. Pompeii gives us an example of the horrifying experiences in which the survivors and witnesses to volcanic eruptions throughout Mesopotamia had to endure, and perhaps some possible insight into various biblical verses cited below:

pompeii


Genesis 3:19
Dust thou art, and unto dust thou shalt return”
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Ezekiel 28:18-19
By your many sins and dishonest trade
you have desecrated your sanctuaries.
So I made a fire come out from you,
and it consumed you,
and I reduced you to ashes on the ground
in the sight of all who were watching.
19 All the nations who knew you
are appalled at you;
you have come to a horrible end
and will be no more.’”
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Isaiah 33:10-12:
10 “Now will I arise,” says the Lord.
“Now will I be exalted;
now will I be lifted up.
11 You conceive chaff,
you give birth to straw;
your breath is a fire that consumes you.
12 The peoples will be burned to ashes;
like cut thornbushes they will be set ablaze.”
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Deuteronomy 28:24:
The Lord will turn the rain of your country into dust and powder; it will come down from the skies until you are destroyed

     Thus giving the descriptions we find in the Deuteronomy, Exodus, and among others, it’s important to note these when concerning the Psalms. Most notably giving the Psalms of course are the songs of Yahweh, or more likely the hyms of El (El Shaddai). A link in which in my mind lends a tremendous amount of compelling support that the Volcano God hypothesis is far more likely than not.  Comparing these is vital to understanding the very nature of what this deity mostly likely is in my opinion, and why the hypothesis discussed is a well supported position. Thus I direct you to Part 6 where I discuss the Psalms in further detail, and I think you perhaps may agree:

<– Chapter 4 / Chapter 6 –>

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