Well, I have had quite a number of discussions with Creationists and Christians about this great biblical flood. From this, I have seen a level of ignorance so immense in scale that it can only ever be categorized as intentional and willful ignorance. Anything science is seen as a conspiracy by these few some, those to whom believe the bible to be a book of truth. Many seem to have no education in geology, plate tectonics, or even a basic understanding of thermodynamics. Though we can’t expect everyone to know everything, as I surely don’t myself, we can expect people to at least not be willfully ignorant. So this article deals specifically with those people who literally believe the Biblical Flood occurred. This to where every living thing on the face of the Earth was drowned or killed, and where the waters magically rose above all the mountains to where the whole of the Earth was under water. More specifically 25 feet above the highest mountain!. We have two Newsviners that I know of to whom believe this to be true. Out of respect, I will not name them, but they will know who they are. So let’s first address the bible:
19 The water prevailed more and more upon the earth, so that all the high mountains q]”>[q]everywhere under the heavens were covered. 20 The water prevailed fifteen r]”>[r]cubits higher (roughly 25 ft), Q)”>(Q)and the mountains were covered.
As we can see the claims in the bible are using terms not associated with metaphors. It’s claiming something to be true or factual as if the mountains were indeed submerged in water to which had risen 25 feet above their highest peak (Mt Everest). That’s 29,054 feet (roughly). This might have been 20-75 feet shorter 3,000 years ago, but we will just use 29,029 feet of Mount Everest without even needing the additional 25 feet for this articles purpose. But before we go into the math, let’s also review where this water supposedly came from and where it went when it receded:
11 In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on the same day all the fountains of the great deep burst open, and the floodgates of the sky were opened.
Well, after reviewing the above, it seems that the water came from the sky and from fountains in the deep. Now rain and tsunamis make sense as to where water can come from to make a localized flood, they, however, make no logical sense in terms of a world flood on such a global scale described. We will look into this when I do the math further into this article. Now where did the water GO?:
2 Also C)”>(C)the fountains of the deep and the a]”>[a]floodgates of the sky were closed, and D)”>(D)the rain from the sky was restrained; 3 and the water receded steadily from the earth, and at the end E)”>(E)of one hundred and fifty days the water decreased. 4 In the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, F)”>(F)the ark rested upon the mountains of Ararat. 5 The water decreased steadily until the tenth month; in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, the tops of the mountains became visible.
Now here we have a major problem, the Bible makes no mention as to where the water magically goes. Especially the amount of water required to flood the Earth to 29,029 feet above sea level. And the heat and thermodynamics to evaporate this amount of water within less than a year would be incredibly high. Noah and all the animals on the Ark would have literally baked to death. And that still wouldn’t answer the question as to where all this water magically went. Especially if you understand how the weather cycle works. Some might argue that it drained back into the Earth. So let’s do the math and figure out why this is all nonsensical:
A fellow skeptic said:
To cover Mount Everest, it would require 3 times the amount of water currently on the planet.
Well, I have made a math error, and thanks to Dave.., Loretta is correct. However, It’s about 3.20 times the water on Earth. But we can follow along below:
So my reply to Loretta was:
I am pretty sure it would take far more than that, but I will have to do the math.
Ahh heck, why not? Let do the math!… Thus first and foremost, It’s important to note that the volume required will increase dramatically as you expand since you are dealing with an oblate sphere. You are basically increasing mass and volume as you expand out from the center of the sphere. Now I know the Earth isn’t a Perfect sphere and is oblate, but for this purpose, we will pretend it’s 360-degree sphere. (this will actually reduce the volume required. So no need to complain!) The differences would be marginal anyway. The volume of water Required to cover Earth and Mount Everest is calculated as follows:
1) Finding Earth volume at sea level:
6,371 km is Earth’s mean (average) radius (this is less than actual sea level of 6,384 km ), and we calculate volume with the formula: Volume= 4/3 (PI)(6,371 km)3
Volume= 4/3 (3.14)(258,596,602,811 cubic km)
Convert formula to:
Volume= 4 (812,405,187,634.31527541033759924707 cubic KM) — Divided by–:3
Convert formula to:
3,249,620,750,537.2611016413503969883 — Divided by: 3
Earth’s Volume at sea level equals:
1,083,206,916,845.7537005471167989961 cubic Kilometers
What I did above was the math step by step so you could follow along. Keep in mind that the above figure is at the mean volume, or estimated average for an oblate sphere.
2) Earths Volume with the height Mount Everest is calculated as follows:
H(height of Mt Everest: 8.84803 km / 29,029 feet) + (Earth’s mean Radius: 6,371 km) = : 6379.84803 KM Radius
Then use the same formula outlined above:
V = 4/3 (3.14)(6,379.84803 km)^3
This gives us a total Volume of:
1,087,726,253,231.9131585664283797871 cubic km’s..
This is to have 29,029 feet of water above sea level. Hence this is the total cubic Volume of Earth if its volume were at the height of Mount Everest. But we need to find out how much volume of water is needed without including the current volume of Earth at sea level right?. Yep! So on to step 3!
3) So how much volume must we fill between sea level and the top of Mount Everest? Well, we have to subtract Earth’s mean volume at sea level from the total volume (Earth + Height of Mt Everest):
(1,087,726,253,231.9131585664283797871 cubic km’s: MT Everest + Earth’s volume)
(1,083,206,916,845.7537005471167989961 cubic km’s: Earth’s volume at sea level).
This gives us the volume of water needed to cover Earth to at least the tip of Mt Everest starting at sea level. And that volume is:
4,519,336,386.1594580193115807909607 cubic KM’s of water.
That is about roughly 3 times the total volume of water on Earth in order to get 29,029 feet of water. However, we are still left to verify how much more water in addition to what already exists do we need to raise sea levels 29,029 feet above current sea levels in regards to a credible source. So off to step 4!
4) So how much more water is needed vs how much water already scientifically exists in total according to a cited source?:
Thus the total estimated volume of water actually on Earth is about:
1,409,560,910 cubi km’s..
And if we divided (4,519,336,386.1594580193115807909607 cubic km’s) by (1,409,560,910 cubic km’s) we get:
That’s 3.20 times the water currently on Earth to rise 29,029 feet above sea level if we go according to the cited source! That is more than the initial math provided above in step 3. Also, If all the water known to be on Earth were in liquid form on the face of the Earth, it would only rise current sea levels about 200-250 ft.
But even then you would still need around 2.8 – 3.0 times the water needed. But let’s explore some of the common misconceptions Creationists have:
Water in the Atmosphere:
the U.S. Geological Survey, the amount of water in the earth’s atmosphere could not possibly cover the earth
One estimate of the volume of water in the atmosphere at any one time is about 3,100 cubic miles or 12,900 cubic kilometers . If all of the water in the atmosphere rained down, it would only cover the ground to a depth of 2.5 centimeters, about 1 inch.
now I didn’t take in account of the volume displacement of the mountains themselves, or land masses. But it would still result in about 2.5 times the volume of water on Earth needed to reach 29,029 feet above current sea levels. Even if you wanted to argue for 1/2 it would still be about 1.6 times the water on Earth to accomplish such a feat. Also, there is another way of looking at this:
A cubic kilometer of water equals about 264 billion gallons. So let’s figure out how many gallons we need :)..
4,519,336,386.1594580193115807909607 cubic Kilometers of water.
X 264,000,000,000.XX gallons of water
1,193,104,805,946,096,917,098.2573288136 gallons of water!
THAT’S A LOT OF WATER!!..